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moment tensor

Paper in BSSA on focal mechanism of small earthquakes from the Salton Sea

Stephan Bentz published paper entitled “Sensitivity of Full Moment Tensors to Data Preprocessing and Inversion Parameters: A Case Study from the Salton Sea Geothermal Field”. The paper presents the results of investigation of mechanisms of approximately 80 small seismic events using two full seismic moment tensor inversion routines: the full waveform inversion and hybridMT code. The paper appeared in the Bulletin of Seismological Society of America.

Reference:

Bentz, Stephan, P. Martínez-Garzón, G. Kwiatek, M. Bohnhoff, and J. Renner (2018). Sensitivity of Full Moment Tensors to Data Preprocessing and Inversion Parameters: A Case Study from the Salton Sea Geothermal Field, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. DOI: 10.1785/0120170203.

Paper in GRL on non-double-couple components at The Geysers geothermal field

Finally we published a paper related to investigation of seismic moment tensors of microseismic events at The Geysers geothermal field.

Reference

Martínez-Garzón, P., Kwiatek, G., Bohnhoff, M., and G. Dresen (2017). Volumetric components in the earthquake source related to fluid injection and stress state. Geophys. Res. Lett. 44, DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071963. [ Article Page ]

Abstract

We investigate source processes of fluid-induced seismicity from The Geysers geothermal
reservoir in California to determine their relation with hydraulic operations and improve the corresponding seismic hazard estimates. Analysis of 869 well-constrained full moment tensors (Mw 0.8–3.5) reveals significant non-double-couple components (>25%) for about 65% of the events. Volumetric deformation is governed by cumulative injection rates with larger non-double-couple components observed near the wells and during high injection periods. Source mechanisms are magnitude dependent and vary significantly between faulting regimes. Normal faulting events (Mw<2) reveal substantial volumetric components indicating dilatancy in contrast to strike-slip events that have a dominant double-couple source. Volumetric components indicating closure of cracks in the source region are mostly found for reverse faulting events with Mw>2.5. Our results imply that source processes and magnitudes of fluid-induced seismic events are strongly affected by the hydraulic operations, the reservoir stress state, and the faulting regime.

On acoustic emissions, moment tensors and anisotropy

We have published a paper related to the analysis of seismic moment tensors of acoustic emission data with a special focus on effects of rock anisotropy on resulting moment tensors.

Stierle, E., V. Vavryčuk, G. Kwiatek, E.-M. Charalampidou, and M. Bohnhoff (2016). Seismic moment tensors of acoustic emissions recorded during laboratory rock deformation experiments: sensitivity to attenuation and anisotropy, Geophysical Journal International 205, no. 1, 38–50, doi 10.1093/gji/ggw009.

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