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Paper on Acoustic Emission activity during hydraulic fracturing experiment in Äspö, Sweden

We published a new paper in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth related to the hydraulic fracture experiments performed in 2015 in  Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory, Sweden. Here are the highlights:

  • We analyze source characteristics of picoseismicity (moment magnitudes smaller than -3.5!) related to hydraulic stimulations in Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory, Sweden.
  • We show that spatio-temporal seismicity migration is controlled by changes in hydraulic (pressure times volume) energy.
  • We present that total radiated seismic energy is very low with respect to injected volume, and increases with hydraulic energy rate.

The reference:

Kwiatek, G., Martínez-Garzón, P., Plenkers, K., Leonhardt, M., Zang, A., Specht, S., et al. (2018). Insights Into Complex Subdecimeter Fracturing Processes Occurring During a Water Injection Experiment at Depth in Äspö Hard Rock Laboratory, Sweden. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, DOI: 10.1029/2017JB014715. [ Article Page ]

Paper in BSSA on focal mechanism of small earthquakes from the Salton Sea

Stephan Bentz published paper entitled “Sensitivity of Full Moment Tensors to Data Preprocessing and Inversion Parameters: A Case Study from the Salton Sea Geothermal Field”. The paper presents the results of investigation of mechanisms of approximately 80 small seismic events using two full seismic moment tensor inversion routines: the full waveform inversion and hybridMT code. The paper appeared in the Bulletin of Seismological Society of America.


Bentz, Stephan, P. Martínez-Garzón, G. Kwiatek, M. Bohnhoff, and J. Renner (2018). Sensitivity of Full Moment Tensors to Data Preprocessing and Inversion Parameters: A Case Study from the Salton Sea Geothermal Field, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. DOI: 10.1785/0120170203.

Paper in GRL on non-double-couple components at The Geysers geothermal field

Finally we published a paper related to investigation of seismic moment tensors of microseismic events at The Geysers geothermal field.


Martínez-Garzón, P., Kwiatek, G., Bohnhoff, M., and G. Dresen (2017). Volumetric components in the earthquake source related to fluid injection and stress state. Geophys. Res. Lett. 44, DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071963. [ Article Page ]


We investigate source processes of fluid-induced seismicity from The Geysers geothermal
reservoir in California to determine their relation with hydraulic operations and improve the corresponding seismic hazard estimates. Analysis of 869 well-constrained full moment tensors (Mw 0.8–3.5) reveals significant non-double-couple components (>25%) for about 65% of the events. Volumetric deformation is governed by cumulative injection rates with larger non-double-couple components observed near the wells and during high injection periods. Source mechanisms are magnitude dependent and vary significantly between faulting regimes. Normal faulting events (Mw<2) reveal substantial volumetric components indicating dilatancy in contrast to strike-slip events that have a dominant double-couple source. Volumetric components indicating closure of cracks in the source region are mostly found for reverse faulting events with Mw>2.5. Our results imply that source processes and magnitudes of fluid-induced seismic events are strongly affected by the hydraulic operations, the reservoir stress state, and the faulting regime.