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Publications

Publications

Paper on design and implementation of the Traffic Light System at the St1 Deep Heat project

I co-authored a paper published recently in Journal of Seismology and entitled “Design and implementation of a traffic light system for deep geothermal well stimulation in Finland” by Thomas Ader et al.. This is a second manuscript related to the successful geothermal stimulation performed within the St1 Deep Heat project in Finland.


Ader, T. et al. (2019). Design and implementation of a traffic light system for deep geothermal well stimulation in Finland, Journal of Seismology doi 10.1007/s10950-019-09853-y.

Paper on analysis of sequences framing larger events at The Geysers geothermal field

The paper entitled “Analysis of Microseismicity Framing ML>2.5 Earthquakes at The Geysers Geothermal Field, California” by Stephan Bentz from our Section has been finally published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. This is another paper related to the analysis of seismicity at the Geysers geothermal field performed in our section.


In the paper, we statistically analyze temporal properties of seismicity utilizing
seismicity catalogs framing 20 ML>2.5 earthquakes enhanced with the template matching algorithm. We found that triggered aftershocks or larger events are mostly restricted to the northwestern part of the geothermal field and that larger events may be preceded by
isolated smaller earthquakes at approximately the same location.


Bentz, S., P. Martínez-Garzón, G. Kwiatek, G. Dresen, and M. Bohnhoff (2019). Analysis of Microseismicity Framing ML > 2.5 Earthquakes at The Geysers Geothermal Field, California, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, DOI: 10.1029/2019JB017716.

Controlling induced seismicity during fluid injection

Finally, our new paper “Controlling fluid-induced seismicity during a 6.1-km-deep geothermal stimulation in Finland”, published on May 1st in Science Advances, is out!


In the study we report on a successful attempt to control induced seismicity during the deepest-ever hydraulic stimulation of a geothermal well in Helsinki, Finland. In a collaborative effort by a team of international researchers from commercial companies, academic institutions and universities, a safe stimulation strategy was designed and successfully applied preventing the occurrence of a project-stopping induced earthquake with a magnitude larger than 2.0, a limit imposed by local authorities for the safe continuation of the St1 Deep Heat Oy energy project. In the project, a traffic-light-style system involving near-realtime seismic monitoring allowed active feedback and guidelines to the stimulation engineers on how to adjust pumping rates and pressure at the injection. This feedback in near real-time was the key to success and allowed to deepen the understanding of the reservoir seismic response and the hydraulic energy release at depth, while ensuring promptness in the technical response to increased seismic activity. This allowed immediate adjustment of the reservoir treatment through mitigating injection-rate and duration of resting periods that were applied in the course of the months-long experiment and ensured the successful control of maximum observed magnitude of the induced seismic events.


You can download the manuscript from Science Advances website.


The reference:

Kwiatek, G., T. Saarno, T. Ader, F. Bluemle, M. Bohnhoff, M. Chendorain, G. Dresen,
P. Heikkinen, I. Kukkonen, P. Leary, M. Leonhardt, P. Malin, P. Martínez-Garzón, K. Passmore, P. Passmore, S. Valenzuela, and C. Wollin (2019). Controlling fluid-induced seismicity during a 6.1-km-deep geothermal stimulation in Finland, Sci Adv 5, no. 5, eaav7224, doi 10.1126/sciadv.aav7224. [ Article Page ]

Paper on coda-Q variability at The Geysers

Our team has published another paper related to The Geysers geothermal field. This time, Aglaja Blanke discusses peculiarities of coda-Q attenuation in the largest hydrothermal field of the world.


Reference:

Blanke, A., G. Kwiatek, P. Martínez‐Garzón, and M. Bohnhoff (2019). Sensitivity and Stability Analysis of Coda Quality Factors at The Geysers Geothermal Field, CaliforniaSensitivity and Stability Analysis of Coda Quality Factors at The Geysers Geothermal Field, California, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America doi 10.1785/0120180219. [ Article Page ]